Chlamydia Symptoms and Treatment

The bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis causes Chlamydia infection which is spread through sexual intercourse.

Men and women can be infected with Chlamydia without showing any symptoms. This leads to being infected or transmitting the infection to a sexual partner without being aware of it. This also causes Chlamydia to remain untreated for a long time which could lead to serious health complications.

You have a bigger chance of becoming infected with Chlamydia if you:

  • Use alcohol or drugs before having sexual intercourse
  • Unsafe sex practices such as not using a female or male condom during sex
  • Multiple sexual partners



The symptoms that are produced in men may have the same as that of an infection from gonorrhea and may include:

  • Pain or discharges from the rectal area
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain, swelling or tenderness in the testicles
  • Discharges from the rectum or penis

Symptoms in women include:

  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse or discharges from the vagina
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Symptoms of inflammation of the liver identical to hepatitis, PID or pelvic inflammatory disease or inflammation of the fallopian tubes or salpingitis
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Discharges or pain from the rectum


When you consult a medical professional for possible Chlamydia infection, he or she will give you a PCR test or get a specimen.

  • Other than Chlamydia, the doctor will also check for other types of STDs such as syphilis or gonorrhea.
  • In men, the specimen will be collected from the rectum or penis while a swab from the pelvic area will be taken from the women.
  • You will be advised to return after 1 to 2 days to know the results.

Women who are asymptomatic should submit to a Chlamydia test if they:

  • Have more than one sexual partner or a new partner
  • Are sexually active and are younger than or 25 years old which will be advised to have the test performed every year.

Urine samples are also the basis of most STD tests.

When you are getting an STD test, the doctor may also have you tested for herpes, syphilis, trichomoniasis, HIV, and hepatitis.



The usual mode of treatment for Chlamydia is antibiotics.

A sexual history for the past 6 months will have to be provided by the infected person so sexual partners can also be treated to avoid passing the infection to other uninfected partners. A person can be re-infected with Chlamydia many times.

After 4 weeks, the infected individual has to go back to the doctor for a check-up to see if he or she has been cured of the infection.

Health forecast


When medicines are taken as directed, you and your partner will benefit greatly from a treatment using antibiotics.

Chlamydia can cause infertility when it reaches the uterus and cause scarring. This can be prevented by:

  • Practicing safe sex by wearing a condom in every sexual activity
  • Finishing the antibiotic treatment prescribed by the doctor
  • Get an STD test when you manifest symptoms

Discuss your options openly with your medical professional

Chlamydia Infection: The Silent STD

One of the most common bacterial STD or sexually transmitted diseases reported is Chlamydia. It affects more women than men. The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes Chlamydia which can infect the rectum and urethra in men and women. In women, Chlamydia could infect the cervix. Sometimes other parts of the body can also be infected such as the eyes and throat. It is asymptomatic which means that it shows no symptoms, particularly in women. This causes serious health problems lasting a lifetime when left untreated. This also causes the spread of the infection as infected individuals unwittingly infect other uninfected sexual partner/s.

Signs and symptoms

Between the period of a week to 3 weeks after infection, Chlamydia symptoms may or may not appear which has given it the name of being a ‘silent’ infection. But if ever symptoms appear it may include:

In women

  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • The inflamed cervix brings about abnormal discharges from the vagina
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse or pain during sex
  • Frequent urination with a burning sensation
  • Pain in the lower abdominal area


In men

  • Even when they are asymptomatic, men notice more symptoms than women
  • Stained underwear brought about by watery and cloudy or white discharges from the penis
  • Swelling and pain in the testicles
  • Pain or burning during urination


A Chlamydia infection in the anus will rarely show symptoms in both men and women.


The modes of Chlamydia transmission include:

  • Infection from the genitals to fingers to eyes may be one way of transferring the infection although this happens very rarely.
  • Unprotected sex with an infected person through oral, anal, and vaginal contact.
  • A vaginal birth from an infected mother to an uninfected baby.

Testing places

There are numerous testing places that can help you if you feel that you have been infected with Chlamydia.

  • Some countries have chemists and pharmacies that could offer self-help testing kits which allow an infected person to get his or her sample to be analyzed by the pharmacy.
  • Visit your own medical professional who can refer you to a testing center if their facilities do not carry testing procedures.
  • Sexual health clinics that are purposely set up to help people infected with STD.


Once the infection has been diagnosed, Chlamydia is easy to cure. A regimen of antibiotics is usually prescribed and taking them correctly will be effective in healing the infection.

If you happen to be allergic to the antibiotics prescribed or if you are pregnant, the doctor has to be informed right away so another mode of treatment can be done. Starting the course of prescribed antibiotics has to be maintained as interruptions may have to make you start from the beginning.

The doctor will be asking about any sexual contact that you had for the last 6 months. This is to give a chance to inform your sexual partner/s about the infection and the need for them to be tested and treated.

A check-up has to be done after the treatments have been completed to ensure that infection has been cured. Sexual relations can only be resumed once a negative result has been seen after the check-up.